The cultivation of White Channa was known from ancient times to the areas around the Mediterranean. The center of origin is probably in the Caucasus and the Middle East. From there it spread westward to countries around the Mediterranean and eastward to India. There is archaeological evidence of growing chickpeas dating from the third to the fourth millennium BC The first written reference to the chickpea is in Homer's Iliad. In classical Greece, the name was chick pea and eaten as a main dish or raw as it was fresh.